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Bayer process Wikipedia

Bauxite ore is a mixture of hydrated aluminium oxides and compounds of other elements such as iron. The aluminium compounds in the bauxite may be present as gibbsite 2(Al(OH)3), böhmite (γ-AlO(OH)) or diaspore (α-AlO(OH)); the different forms of the aluminium component and the impurities dictate the extraction conditions. Aluminum oxides and hydroxides are amphoteric, meaning that they are both acidic and basic. The solubility of Al(III) in water is very low but increases substantially at either high or low pH

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process SpringerLink

Abstract. The alumina industry has historically been able to reduce alumina production costs, by increasing the liquor alumina yield. To know the potential for further yield increases, the phase diagram of the ternary system Na 2 O-Al 2 O -H 2 O at various temperature levels was analysed. It was found that the maximum theorical precipitation alumina yield is 160 g/l, while that for digestion

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and

During the past decades a large number of alumina plants were successful in economically increasing the productivity of the Bayer liquor loop. Over a period of 25 years the benchmark precipitation yield has increased from 70 g/l to 90+ g/l, whilst producing sandy alumina. However with the theoretical maximum precipitation yield at 160 g/l there is still a wide gap to be closed. This paper

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(PDF) ALUMINA YIELD IN THE BAYER PROCESS PAST,

ALUMINA YIELD IN THE BAYER PROCESS PAST, PRESENT AND PROSPECTS

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and Prospects Article in TMS Light Metals 1 · January 2007 with 65 Reads How we measure 'reads'

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Bayer Process an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The Bayer process was developed and patented by Karl Josef Bayer in Austria in 1888 and essentially involves digesting crushed bauxite in strong sodium hydroxide solutions at temperatures up to 240°C. Most of the alumina is dissolved leaving an insoluble residue known as “red mud” which mainly comprises iron oxides and silica and is removed by filtration.

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and Prospects. Roelof Den Hond. Alcor Technology, Clinckenburgh 10, 2343 JH Oegstgeest, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author . Iwan Hiralal. Hiracon, Prinses Irenelaan 2, 2273 DD Voorburg, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author. Ab Rijkeboer. Rinalco, Helmlaan 16, 2244 AZ Wassenaar, The Netherlands. Search for

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process researchgate.net

Download Citation Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process The alumina industry has historically been able to reduce alumina production costs, by increasing the liquor alumina yield. To know the

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Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and Prospects. Roelof Den Hond. Alcor Technology, Clinckenburgh 10, 2343 JH Oegstgeest, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author. Iwan Hiralal. Hiracon, Prinses Irenelaan 2, 2273 DD Voorburg, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author . Ab Rijkeboer. Rinalco, Helmlaan 16, 2244 AZ Wassenaar, The Netherlands. Search for

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(PDF) ALUMINA YIELD IN THE BAYER PROCESS PAST,

During the past decades a large number of alumina plants were successful in economically increasing the productivity of the Bayer liquor loop. Over a period of 25 years the benchmark precipitation yield has increased from 70 g/l to 90+ g/l, whilst

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Bayer process industrial process Britannica

Other articles where Bayer process is discussed: alumina: extracted from bauxite through the Bayer process, which was developed for the aluminum industry in 1888. In the Bayer process bauxite is crushed, mixed in a solution of sodium hydroxide, and seeded with crystals to precipitate aluminum hydroxide. The hydroxide is heated in a kiln in order to drive off

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alumina yield in the bayer process ME Mining Machinery

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and. During the past decades a large number of alumina plants were successful in economically increasing the productivity of the Bayer liquor loop. Over a period of 25 years the benchmark precipitation yield has increased from 70 g/l to 90+ g/l, whilst producing sandy alumina. However with the theoretical maximum precipitation yield at 160 g/l

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Alumina Refining The Aluminum Association

Alumina Refining. Quick Read. Alumina is the common name given to aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3). Alumina is produced from bauxite, an ore that is mined from topsoil in various tropical and subtropical regions. The Bayer process, discovered in 1887, is the primary process by which alumina is extracted from bauxite. To produce pure aluminum, alumina is smelted using the Hall–Héroult electrolytic

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Alumina yield Essay 4903 Words

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process; Past, Present and Prospects Edited by TMS (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society), 2007 ALUMINA YIELD IN THE BAYER PROCESS PAST, PRESENT AND PROSPECTS Roelof Den Hond1, Iwan Hiralal2, Ab Rijkeboer3 Alcor Technology, Clinckenburgh 10, 2343 JH Oegstgeest, The Netherlands 2

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Aluminium Extraction process Explained in Brief Bayer

25.11.2017· The Bayer process is the principal industrial means of refining bauxite to produce alumina (aluminium oxide). Bauxite, the most important ore of aluminium, contains only 30–60% aluminium oxide

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Decreasing Yield and Alumina Content of Red Mud by

Bauxite produces 60-120 million tons of toxic red mud annually during its processing to alumina. Thus, in this work, the modeling of the bauxite processing process to reduce quantity of red mud produced and with low alumina content was envisaged. Bauxite from Minim-Martap was processed by adapting the Bayer process under laboratory conditions.

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ALUMINA YIELD IN THE BAYER PROCESS PAST,

CiteSeerX Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): During the past decades a large number of alumina plants were successful in economically increasing the productivity of the Bayer liquor loop. Over a period of 25 years the benchmark precipitation yield has increased from 70 g/l to 90+ g/l, whilst producing sandy alumina.

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Alumina Yield In The Bayer Process ilristorantelatorre.it

Alumina Yield in the Bayer Process Past, Present and Prospects. Roelof Den Hond. Alcor Technology, Clinckenburgh 10, 2343 JH Oegstgeest, The Netherlands. Search for more papers by this author. Iwan Hiralal. Hiracon, Prinses Irenelaan 2, 2273 DD Voorburg, The Netherlands. Bayer process Wikipedia. The Bayer process is the principal industrial means of refining bauxite to produce alumina

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Application and Benefits of Advanced Control to Alumina

production and performance in alumina refineries. Throughout the Bayer process, advanced control is becoming a preferred tool to deliver return on capital employed. Primarily, this is being done using the prevailing control technology, multivariable predictive control.

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Mining and Refining Process

The Bayer Process is the most economic means of obtaining alumina from bauxite. Other processes for obtaining alumina from metal ores are also in use in some refineries, particularly in China and Russia, although these make up a relatively small percentage of global production. The process stages are: 1. Milling. The bauxite is washed and crushed, reducing the particle size and increasing the

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